Sports Medicine

Sports medicine focuses on prevention and treatment of injuries associated with athletic activities. We specialize in sports injuries from our experience with the Pittsburgh Steelers, Pittsburgh Penguins, Oklahoma City Thunder, and numerous collegiate and high school teams.

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Concussion Care

Concussions, previously known as mild traumatic brain injuries, are being increasingly recognized in sports. We have concussion care specialists with training under the experts who wrote the NFL guidelines in 2009.

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Customized Joint Replacement

Customized joint replacement is a surgical procedure in which certain parts of an arthritic or damaged joint are removed and replaced with a customized artificial joint, which is designed to move just like a healthy joint.

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Joint Replacement »


Liu TT. Femoral tunnel placement in ACL reconstruction. American Journal of Sports Medicine 39(10):NP1, 2011

Romanowski JR, Liu TT, Fu FH. Anatomic Double-Bundle ACL Reconstruction. In Master Techniques in Orthopaedic Surgery: Sports Medicine, ed. Freddie Fu, 345-358, 2010

van Eck CF, Schreiber VM, Liu TT, Fu FH. The anatomic approach to primary, revision, and augmentation anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. KSSTA 18(9):1154-1163, 2010

van Eck CF, Liu TT, Fu FH. How wrong can we go? American Journal of Sports Medicine 38(7):8-9, 2010

Bedair H, Liu TT, Kaar JL, Badlani S, Russell AJ, Yong Li, Huard J. Matrix Metalloproteinase-1 Therapy Improves Muscle Healing. Journal of Applied Physiology 102(6):2338-45, 2007

Liu TT, Weiss KR, Fu FH, Huard J. Gene Therapy and Tissue Engineering in Orthopaedic Surgery. Instructional Course Lectures, Volume 55:597-611, 2006

Weiss KR, Liu TT, Fu FH, Huard J. Gene Therapy and the Treatment of Knee Disorders. In: J.N. Insall and W. N. Scott, eds. Surgery of the Knee 4th edition, 317-328, 2006

Hilliard B, Wilmen A, Seidel C, Liu T, Goke R, Chen Y. Roles of TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. Journal of Immunology 166:1314-1319, 2001

Liu T, Hilliard B, Samoilova EB, Chen Y. Differential roles of Fas ligand in spontaneous and actively induced autoimmune encephalomyelitis. Clinical Immunology 95:203-211, 2000

Zhang GX, Liu TT, Ventura ES, Chen Y, Rostami A. Reversal of spontaneous progressive autoimmune encephalomyelitis by myelin basic protein-induced clonal deletion. Autoimmunity 31:219-227, 1999

Hilliard B, Samoilova EB, Liu T, Rostami A, Chen Y. Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis in NF-kappa Bdeficient mice: roles of NF-kappa B in the activation and differentiation of autoreactive T cells. Journal of Immunology 163:2937-2943, 1999

Murphy SJ, Liu T, Windfuhr M, Song D, Wilson DF, Pastuszko A. Altered ligand binding of D1 and D2 dopamine receptors in response to hypoxia and posthypoxic reoxygenation. Advances in Experimental Medicine & Biology 471:147-154, 1999

Zheng Y, Wheatley LM, Liu T, Levinson AI. Acetylcholine receptor alpha subunit mRNA expression in human thymus: augmented expression in myasthenia gravis and upregulation by interferon-gamma. Clinical Immunology 91:170-177, 1999

Samoilova EB, Horton JL, Hilliard B, Liu T, Chen Y. IL-6-deficient mice are resistant to experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis: roles of IL-6 in the activation and differentiation of autoreactive T cells. Journal of Immunology 161:6480-6486, 1998

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